Type 2 diabetes: Four signs felt in the feet and legs you could have high blood sugar
Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood to become too high. It can cause a range of symptoms within the body. It can also increase a person’s risk of getting serious problems with your eyes, heart and nerves. Feeling pain, tingling, burning, or numbness in the feet and legs could be an indication your blood sugar levels are too high.
When a person has sugar levels which are dangerously high, diabetic neuropathy may ensue, said Healthline.
The site continued: “Diabetic neuropathy is when a person may develop complications such as pain or cramps.
“This pain can occur in the legs or feet, or you may have a tingling or burning sensation or numbness in your limbs.”
READ MORE: Diabetes type 2 warning – do your feet look like this?
What is diabetic neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes, said the Mayo Clinic.
It continued: “High blood sugar (glucose) can injure nerves throughout your body.
“Diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in your legs and feet.
“Depending on the affected nerves, diabetic neuropathy symptoms can range from pain and numbness in your legs and feet to problems with your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart.
“Some people have mild symptoms. But for others, diabetic neuropathy can be quite painful and disabling.”
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When it comes to diabetic neuropathy, there can be one or more than one type of neuropathy.
Peripheral neuropathy is a type of neuropathy may also be called distal symmetric peripheral neuropathy.
It’s the most common type of diabetic neuropathy and affects the feet and legs first, followed by the hands and arms.
Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy are often worse at night, and may include:
- Numbness or reduced ability to feel pain or temperature changes
- Tingling or burning sensation
- Sharp pains or cramps
- Increased sensitivity to touch — for some people, even a bedsheet’s weight can be painful
- Serious foot problems, such as ulcers, infections, and bone and joint pain
Autonomic neuropathy controls your heart, bladder, stomach, intestines, sex organs and eyes.
Proximal neuropathy (diabetic polyradiculopathy) is a type of neuropathy which is also called diabetic amyotrophy and often affects nerves in the thighs, hips, buttocks or legs.
Mononeuropathy (focal neuropathy) has two types including cranial and peripheral and refers to damage to a specific nerve.
Along with recognizing uncommon, rare symptoms of diabetes, it’s important to be mindful of more common symptoms associated with an inability to use insulin properly.
Common symptoms of diabetes include:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Slow-healing sores
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