High blood pressure: Dizziness and vision problems are major signs of the condition

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Many people have high blood pressure (hypertension). But they usually don’t notice it – which means that over time it can damage blood vessels. Having blood pressure that is always too high can make you more likely to have a heart attack, a stroke or kidney problems. The higher your blood pressure, the greater your risk of developing these medical conditions. If experiencing a sudden dizziness or vision problems, it could mean you’re at risk.

In a study published in the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, an overview of high blood pressure with two symptoms one should look out for was further investigated.

The study noted: “Blood pressure readings have two values that are always listed together: 128/85 mmHg, for example.

“The first number represents the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart muscles squeeze (systolic blood pressure).

“The second represents the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart muscles relax (diastolic blood pressure).

“Blood pressure is considered to be too high if the systolic value is over 140 and/or the diastolic value is over 90.

“High blood pressure itself usually goes unnoticed. Only if it is extremely high can it result in symptoms like dizziness or vision problems.”

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High blood pressure – which is also known as hypertension – puts extra stress on blood vessels and vital organs.

The condition could lead to some deadly complications, including strokes and heart attacks.

It’s crucial that your hypertension is diagnosed as soon as possible.

While it may be difficult to know if you’re at risk of high blood pressure, persistent dizziness could be a sign.

Some hypertension patients have reported feeling lightheaded or dizzy.

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The medical name for the type of dizziness is vertigo, which describes feeling like the room is spinning.

A vertigo flare-up can last up to a few hours, but those with the most severe symptoms may feel dizzy for days, or even months.

You should speak to a doctor if your vertigo won’t go away, or if it keeps coming back.

Vision problems

According to Superdrug Online Doctor, seeing floaters or blood spots in your vision could be a sign of high blood pressure.

Seeing floaters and blood spots is quite a common thing for people to experience and is not likely to actually mean you have high blood pressure. However, you should get regular eye checks just in case.

The retina is the tissue layer located in the back of the eye.

This layer transforms light into nerve signals that are then sent to the brain for interpretation.

When blood pressure is too high, the retina’s blood vessel walls may thicken. This may cause the blood vessels to become narrow, which then restricts blood from reaching the retina.

In some cases, the retina becomes swollen.

Over time, high blood pressure can cause damage to the retina’s blood vessels, limit the retina’s function and put pressure on the optic nerve, causing vision problems and potentially leading to blindness.

This condition is called hypertensive retinopathy.

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